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Postural Stability in Human Running with Step-down Perturbations: An Experimental and Numerical Study




Postural stability is one of the most crucial elements in bipedal locomotion. Bipeds are dynamically unstable and need to maintain their trunk upright against the rotations induced by the ground reaction forces (GRFs), especially when running. Gait studies report that the GRF vectors focus around a virtual point above the center of mass (VPA), while the trunk moves forward in pitch axis during the stance phase of human running. However, a recent simulation study suggests that a virtual point below the center of mass (VPB) might be present in human running, since a VPA yields backward trunk rotation during the stance phase. In this work, we perform a gait analysis to investigate the existence and location of the VP in human running at 5 m s−1, and support our findings numerically using the spring-loaded inverted pendulum model with a trunk (TSLIP). We extend our analysis to include perturbations in terrain height (visible and camouflaged), and investigate the response of the VP mechanism to step-down perturbations both experimentally and numerically. Our experimental results show that the human running gait displays a VPB of ≈ −30 cm and a forward trunk motion during the stance phase. The camouflaged step-down perturbations affect the location of the VPB. Our simulation results suggest that the VPB is able to encounter the step-down perturbations and bring the system back to its initial equilibrium state.

Author(s): Oezge Drama, and Johanna Vielemeyer, and Alexander Badri-Spröwitz, and Roy Müller
Year: 2020

Department(s): Dynamic Locomotion
Bibtex Type: Article (article)
Paper Type: Journal

State: In revision
URL: https://arxiv.org/pdf/2004.02415.pdf


  title = {Postural Stability in Human Running with Step-down Perturbations: An Experimental and Numerical Study},
  author = {Drama, Oezge and Vielemeyer, Johanna and Badri-Spr{\"o}witz, Alexander and M{\"u}ller, Roy},
  year = {2020},
  url = {https://arxiv.org/pdf/2004.02415.pdf}